Here at Monticello Animal Hospital we recommend having pre-surgical blood work ran on pets going under anesthesia under the age of seven years and require it for pets seven years and older. Dr. Rhonda Schulman, a veterinarian at The University of Illinois veterinary teaching hospital in Urbana says pre-anesthetic blood screening before any surgery is important. “While most healthy animals are at minimal risk for complications during an elective surgery such as a neuter or spay, there is always a chance that an animal might have an underlying problem that might not manifest itself until the animal is put under anesthesia.” It’s important to ensure that your pet can properly process and then eliminate the anesthetic he or she is given. Before performing any procedure requiring anesthesia we run tests to confirm that your pet’s organs are functioning properly and to reveal any hidden health conditions that could put your pet at risk.
Understanding Your Pets Blood Work
ALT- An enzyme that becomes elevated with liver disease or injury.
ALKP- An enzyme present in multiple tissues, including liver and bone. Elevated levels can indicate liver disease, Cushing’s syndrome or steriod therapy.
BUN- BUN is produced by the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Abnormally high levels can indicate kidney disease or dehydration, and low levels can be associated with liver disease.
CREA- Creatinine is a by-product of muscle metabolism and is excreted by the kidneys. Elevated levels can indicate kidney disease, urinary tract obstruction or dehydration.
GLU- High levels can indicate diabetes. In cats, high levels can also indicate stress, which can merely be a result of the trip to the veterinary hospital. Low levels can indicate liver disease, infection or certain tumors.
TP- The level of TP can indicate a variety of conditions, including dehydration and diseases of the liver, kidney, or intestine.
PCV- The packed cell volume is an expression of the percentage of the blood’s volume which is taken up by red blood cells.
Top Four Reasons To Test Your Pet Before Anesthesia
- Testing can significantly reduce medical risk and ensure your pet’s health and safety
- A healthy-appearing pet may be hiding symptoms of a disease or ailment. For example, a pet can lose up to 75% of kidney function before showing any visible signs of illness. Testing helps us evaluate your pet’s health up front, so we can avoid problems related to anesthesia.
- If preanesthetic results are within normal ranges, we can proceed with confidence, knowing that anesthetic risk is minimized. On the other hand, if results are not within the normal ranges, we can alter the anesthetic procedure, or take other precautions to safeguard your pet’s health and reduce the risk of potential complications.
- These tests provide baseline levels for your pet and become part of his or her medical record for future reference.